Grace Medical Services Private Limited

Viral Infection



What is a viral infection? 

Viral infections are diseases caused by tiny organisms (viruses) that use your cells to produce more copies of themselves. These infections usually cause respiratory and digestive illnesses, but viruses can infect almost every other body part. 

Many viruses can cause infections, but only a few infect humans. These viruses can enter the body through the eyes, nose, mouth, anus or genitals, or a skin break.

Types of viral infections 

  • Digestive system infections: Digestive system infections can affect your stomach and intestines or liver. 
  • Respiratory infections: such infections affect the nose, throat, airways, and lungs. For example, Covid 19
  • Congenital infections: Congenital viral infections are those that are present from birth. Depending on the virus, this can result in various health problems, including vision or hearing loss, developmental delays, and neurological conditions.
  • Neurological infections: Some viruses attack the nervous system cells – the human brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis, brain swelling, and other life-threatening conditions. 
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Sexually transmitted diseases are primarily transmitted through sexual contact, which includes oral, anal, and vaginal sex.

Symptoms of viral infection 

Common symptoms of viral infection are as follows: 

  • High Fever
  • Fatigue 
  • Headache
  • Coughing and sneezing 
  • Diarrhea
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Runny nose
  • Skin rash
  • Muscle or joint pain 
  • Abdominal Pain

The viral infection symptoms in children can be similar to those of adults, but children may experience these symptoms differently. It is important to monitor children exhibiting any of these symptoms and provide them with medical assistance immediately if the symptoms worsen.  


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